Grip Strength and Grip Endurance in Physical Therapy Students

A hand-grip-dynamometer was employed to determine the grip strength as well as endurance of male and female students of physical therapy. The results revealed the absence of a relationship between maximum grip strength and endurance index for males, but it was evident that the endurance index decreases when maximal grip strength is increased in female students. Maximum grip strength and body weight were positively related between males and females. There were no significant differences in the endurance index between males and females.

Grip Strength

Training programs for exercise tend to succeed when they are built on research that can predict the results of training. This study assessed the impact of submaximal handgrip rhythmic training on rhythmic handgrip endurance, or work (RHW) as well as Isometric Handgrip Endurance time (IHE) and the maximum voluntary isometric contraction of the handgrip strength (MVIC) (in newtons).

From this training program they concluded that. Handgrip training that was submaximal at 30% MVIC has a small impact in IHE and submaximal IHE as well as MVIC for the grip however it had a substantial impact in RHW of the exercised extremity. The regular training group as well as the training group with low-levels showed similar increases in cross-education which suggests that cross-education in endurance training does not depend on intensity.

Specificity in training refers to the improvement in a particular task, which are an exclusive function of the variables selected for an exercise program.1 With a few exceptions, training specificity has been given a lot of acceptance in the literature.1,3 Type of contraction, 4,5 training task, 6 level of maximal effort,6 speed of movement, 7, joint position, and time of day 9 are all variables that influence the training specificity.

The majority of studies investigating the training specificity have been based on high-resistance and low-repetition training that requires 75 percent to 100% the maximum effort.1,2,3,10,11 A few studies have looked at the effect of training in a lower percentage of maximum effort (30 percent) for training specificity.12

Hand Exercises are an intervention to increase the flexibility and strength of the hand and, consequently, improve hand function. Hand exercises could be:

Exercise to mobilize (Increase or maintain the range of motion)

Exercise to strengthen ( using resistance from putty, gel ball, or an elastic band to build wrist and hand muscles

There are a variety of conditions which can affect the hand and require exercise as an intervention to aid patients in being able to complete their ADL tasks independently, and to increase the strength of the handgrip

Osteoarthritis is one of the more frequent joint disorders that most often affects the hand. This condition can lead to pain and discomfort in and around joints affected and can cause stiffness, swelling deformity, swelling, and eventually loss of functionality. This means that the ability to carry out routine tasks could be affected or diminished. A controlled, randomized study conducted in 2015 showed hand exercises to be extremely well-tolerated and significantly improved performance in activities and grip strength, as well as fatigue and pain in women suffering from HOA..

Rheumatoid arthritis is the most prevalent polyarthritis only affecting 1percent of the population. The majority of RA sufferers have frequently-suffering problems with wrist and hand like arthritis, deformity (swan neck deformity), pain, weakening, and limited mobility which can lead to the loss of function

Hand exercises best for grip strengthening

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iSARAH Hand Exercise

It is a stretching and strengthening hand-hand exercise program to aid patients with RA. sufferers. A multicentre study was completed in the UK in the form of around 490 adults suffering from rheumatoid joint, hand pain and dysfunction , and they were on the same drug regimen for at least 3 months in addition to usual treatment or regular care, with an individualized stretching and strengthening hand workout program This study found that an individualized hand exercise program ( the iSARAH) is a beneficial and low-cost treatment option that can be used as an addition to different medication regimens.


The most effective way to work your forearms, and increase your grip strength is to lift heavy. There’s nothing more effective, or more efficient, that . Simply put, lift things that weigh a lot off the floor, safely, we might add and then put them back to the floor. Deadlifts are effective due to the wide variety of hand grips that you can choose from.

Farmer’s walks

The best part of this activity is it allows you to utilize any equipment or any other object. The objective is to walk the longest time you can , while taking on the weight. When you are getting tired take the weight off then shake it off and begin again. .

EZ reverse curl

Place a bar between your hands and then simply curl it in a downward and upward direction.

Zottman Curl

According to author, adventurer and elite endurance athlete Ross Edgley, the Zottman curl is the key to building strength in the forearm.


We have talked about very few hand therapy exercises. You can learn a lot of hand therapy exercises from your fitness trainer but do these exercises according to your present physical condition.

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